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An Introduction into ADHD



Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neuro-developmental disorder. ADHD is characterised by persistent patterns of inattentive, impulsive and hyperactive behaviour, often accompanied with challenges in emotional regulation.

 

Stemming from underlying neurological differences, individuals with ADHD have little control over these behaviours. Often it can begin in childhood and persist into adulthood. These behaviours may arise from an impaired ability to regulate emotions, behaviours and attention, plan and solve problems, recall present moment information, and self-monitor or soothe. 

 

Although every person can experience difficulties with attention or impulsivity, for many individuals with ADHD, this is just part of their normal daily functioning. As such, ADHD can significantly impact an individual throughout the lifespan if appropriate intervention isn’t provided.


The three presentations of ADHD include:

·      Inattentive: This may look like being forgetful or careless, having trouble listening or being easily distracted, or poor organisational skills.

 

·      Hyperactive/Impulsive: This may look like excessive talking, acting without thinking, or having trouble sitting still.

 

·      Combination: This means that the individual has a combination of inattentive, hyperactive and impulsive symptoms.

 

Some of the common challenges people with ADHD may face include:

·      Home: relationship and conflict challenges, increased stress and more placements outside the home.

 

·      Education: poorer attainment, learning difficulties and disabilities, bullying, exclusion and social isolation.

 

·      Work: difficulties maintaining employment, poorer job performance, more conflict or unexplained absences.

 

·      Wider Environment: substance misuse, criminality, debt, psychiatric disorders, divorce, or gambling problems.

 

Despite this, there are countless positive attributes that individuals with ADHD exhibit. These may include having hyper focus, energy and enthusiasm; being creative, innovative and great problem solvers; being spontaneous and adventurous. Additionally, there is copious amounts of support and evidence-based treatments to help individuals with ADHD to live rich and meaningful lives if required. If you suspect you have ADHD, talking to your GP would be the first step. From there, the GP will determine whether to refer you to another mental health clinician, for example, a psychologist, psychiatrist or paediatrician (if for a child).

 

Wherever you are on your mental health journey, our team at Nurtured Thoughts Psychology are always here to help. Our team of clinicians have extensive experience supporting individuals with a wide range of mental health challenges, providing tailor-made treatment plans and strategies to meet their unique needs. At Nurtured Thoughts Psychology, you will be supported each step of the way. Please feel free to get in touch or book an appointment here. We look forward to welcoming and supporting you at the practice. 


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